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Analysing Australia’s October CPI: Unexpected trends

Aura Private Credit

Analysing Australia’s October CPI: Unexpected trends

The latest monthly consumer price index (CPI) read released last week, came in unexpectedly lower than anticipated, at 4.9 per cent in the 12 months to October. This follows the previous read of 5.6 per cent in September. With the 8.4 per cent peak recorded in December, inflation is continuing to follow a downward trend off the back of the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) best efforts to raise interest rates in order to achieve a slowdown in inflation.

The most significant contributors to the CPI read in October were increases in housing (+6.1 per cent), food and non-alcoholic beverages (+5.3 per cent) and transport (+5.9 per cent). However, if we exclude the volatile items such as fuel, fruit and vegetables and holiday travel this provides a more accurate indication of the level of underlying inflation. For October CPI excluding volatile items came in at 5.1 per cent, a reduction from 5.5 per cent reported in September.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has advised that the falling level of inflation was impacted by a reduction in consumer demand as pricing pressures for consumer goods moderate in line with the reduced level of demand.

This data point will be heavily considered at the RBA’s monetary policy decision meeting, being held tomorrow. The likelihood of another rate rise is slim. The RBA is juggling the need to return inflation to target within a reasonable time frame, whilst also trying to maintain the gains that have been made in the labour market. They intend to maintain the stability in the unemployment rate and strength within the labour market, whilst also ensuring they pull the right levers to bring inflation back in line.

The challenge the RBA now faces is time, the RBA needs to ensure that inflation is not maintained at a high level for too long, as there is the risk that the normalised level of inflation will be revised and increased. This could cause wider economic damage. Future rate rises have not yet been ruled out.


Brett Craig is responsible for portfolio management and asset origination for the Aura High Yield SME Fund and the Aura Core Income Fund. Prior to joining Aura Group, Brett held a number of roles at Macquarie Group over an 11 year period including Vice President within the Debt Markets business where he focused on originating, structuring and distributing debt products primarily in the Australian market.

This post was contributed by a representative of Montgomery Investment Management Pty Limited (AFSL No. 354564). The principal purpose of this post is to provide factual information and not provide financial product advice. Additionally, the information provided is not intended to provide any recommendation or opinion about any financial product. Any commentary and statements of opinion however may contain general advice only that is prepared without taking into account your personal objectives, financial circumstances or needs. Because of this, before acting on any of the information provided, you should always consider its appropriateness in light of your personal objectives, financial circumstances and needs and should consider seeking independent advice from a financial advisor if necessary before making any decisions. This post specifically excludes personal advice.

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