A closer look at distributions
It is everyone’s favourite time of year, and for those not in financial services, I am not referring to the peak of winter, I am referring to 30 June. Across the Montgomery suite of strategies, some of our actively managed equity funds will look to pay a distribution come 30 June. Here I summarise some of the finer points to be mindful of as a unit holder in a managed fund, and what this may mean for you.
The basics: what is a distribution?
The distribution of a managed fund refers to the income, or yield, the strategy provides. A vast majority of managed funds in Australia are required to pay out realised earnings to their unit holders, they just choose how often they do so.
So, what do realised earnings consist of? If we look at The Montgomery Fund, our flagship Australian equity strategy, which invests in listed Australian and New Zealand companies, plus cash (0 to 30 per cent), this can include:
- Dividends from the companies we own, both local and foreign. Some of the dividends will of course have a franked component attached.
- Realised gains verses losses. This is inherently more attached to our trading activity. At Montgomery as value investors, we tend to take a medium to longer-term view on our underlying investments. However, things can change in markets as a company reports its earning, as new information is announced or as the share price moves (and the value equation changes), any of which may lead us to unwind a position at a gain or sometimes at a loss. These gains verse losses are accumulated within the trust until the distribution payment period (whether it be quarterly, biannual or annual).
- Finally, the distribution could also include interest accumulated on the cash that the underlying strategy might hold. In the example of The Montgomery Fund, we tend to hold our cash in some liquid cash ETF’s and a rolling range of term deposits (3, 6 or 9 months, as an example). As such, the interest paid on this cash also can be ‘realised’ (or paid to the trust) over the distribution period.
An example of the underlying components of the distribution within The Montgomery Fund
Sourced from Fundhost
|Domestic Income||Australian unfranked dividends|
|Conduit foreign income|
|Australian franked dividends|
|Australian other income|
|Foreign other income|
|Capital Gain||Capital gains – non-discount (TARP)|
|Capital gains – non-discount (NTARP)|
|Capital gains – discount (TARP)|
|Capital gains – non-discount (NTARP)|
|Capital gains – concessional (TARP)|
|Capital gains – concessional (NTARP)|
The various underlying components, as above in the case of The Montgomery Fund, are represented on a percentage basis so they can be easily reconciled by the unit holders from a tax perspective.
The final distribution is the sum of these underlying components, and is expressed on a cents per unit basis. Like a company listed on the ASX, once the managed fund goes “ex” distribution, the managed fund’s unit price will fall by exactly the amount of the distribution paid.
An example of The Montgomery Fund going “ex” distribution
It is important to note there is not pro-rata of the distribution for unit holders, if you were to invest in The Montgomery Fund two days before it goes ex-distribution (say Friday 28 June as an example which is the last working day before 30 June being the next distribution payment date), you would be entitled to the full distribution for the six month period. Conversely, if you sold units prior to 30 June and the underling unit trust was “pregnant” with a franked component, like also for a company listed on the ASX, you would not be entitled to the franking credits given you sold prior to the ex-date.
Below is a list of some of the more frequently asked questions that have come up closer to the distribution ex-date:
Why do the distributions in a managed fund vary so much year to year?
Inherently this is an easy question to answer. As the distribution is the sum of many parts as outlined above, and each part is highly variable, the distribution can therefore vary periodically. Probably the strongest influence on the payment of the distribution is the periodic performance of the underlying investments and trading activity. In the case of The Montgomery Fund, if Australian equities and/or our portfolio is performing negatively over a six-month period, it can mean that there may be no realised earnings to be paid out of the unit trust over the same period (or the next) and therefore no distribution.
Is an investment in a managed fund a poor one if it doesn’t pay a distribution over a given period?
When comparing the performance of any investment, it really should be done in conjunction with the managed funds objective. For an example, the long-only equity managed funds that Montgomery offer look to provide returns (income and growth) above their various benchmarks on an after-fee basis over a five-year period.
As such, if the said investment doesn’t provide one distribution over a six-month period, it may not necessarily warrant a “sell” in this context alone. Also, it is important to note that although the strategy may not pay an income (or yield) over a said period, there still could be corresponding growth attached (i.e. the unit value has appreciated over the same period which would form part of your total return). Investors, of course, could then sell some units to pay themselves an income if needed.
Should I wait until a distribution is paid before adding to my investment?
This would largely depend on your tax circumstances. For individuals or entities that are still assessable from a tax perspective, they may choose to wait until the fund goes ex distribution if the distribution date is close as the income would be taxable in their hands. The opportunity costs here tend to be time out of the market, which in the short-term could work in or against your favour. For retirees, this may not be as much of a consideration. You can read more about the tax treatment of distributions in a managed fund on the ATO website here.